Dollar Spot

Sclerotinia homeocarpa

The Causal Pathogen

 

The causal pathogen of Dollar Spot is known as Sclerotinia homeocarpa. Microscopic diagnosis of Dollar spot is undertaken via its distinctive granulated hyphae which appears after a period of incubation. 

 

Symptoms

The disease is characterised by round, bleached out / straw coloured spots ranging in size from a few centimetres to several centimetres. The spots appear as sunken turf. Individual spots coalesce and destroy turf in large areas. Recovery from severe dollar spot can be extremely slow. With dew, greyish white, fluffy mycelium can be observed in the mornings.

When the diseased spots have progressed to bleached straw like stage, dollar spot lesions called 'stroma' can be found on leaves. These lesions are shaped like an hour glass

 

Occurrence

The Dollar spot fungus overwinters in the form of sclerotia and as dormant mycelium in plant crowns and roots of infected plants. The sclerotia appear as tiny, thin black flakes. Research conducted by Mills & Rothwell established that Dollar Spot Infection was high when maximum ambient temperatures are above 25 Degrees Celcius and Maximum relative humidity is greater than 90% during any 3 days in 7.

 

Cultural Control Methods

 

Low nitrogen levels intensify Dollar Spot damage. During periods of severe dollar spot infection, the nitrogen levels should be increased. Tank mixing Dollar Spot fingicides with a nitrogen source can be a useful strategy. Light and frequent Nitrogen applications is most efficient.

 

Removing dew or guttation water is a common practice on golf course greens which may assist in limiting dollar spot infection.

 

Chemical Control Options

 

Chemical control options are highlighted below;

 

Adama Fungicides

Evolution Fungicide

Compass Fungicide

Chief Aquaflo

Cavalry Weatherguard

Citadel Fungicide

Bumper 625

 

Other Fungicides

Tebuconazole / Trifloxystrobin – eg. Dedicate.

Propiconazole – eg. Banner Maxx.

Azoxystrobin / Propiconazole – eg. Headway Maxx.

Chlorothalonil / Fludioxynil / Propiconazole – eg. Instrata.

Trifloxystrobin / Iprodione – eg. Interface.

Thiram – eg. TMTD 600

Prochloraz – eg. Protak

Thiabendazole – eg. Vorlon

Anthracnose
Colletotrichium graminicola
Brown Patch
Rhizoctonia solani
Dollar Spot
Sclerotinia homeocarpa
Pythium
Pythium